WOUNDS. With regard to the treatment of wounds in general but little skill appears to be required, particularly when the horse is in a healthy state of body, and frequently the less there is done the better. It is, however, of some importance whether the orifice of the wound be depending; as in those instances the matter can discharge itself when the wound does not heal by the first intention, and goes on to suppurate. It is also necessary in such cases to be careful to keep the external part open until the inner part has closed or become filled up with granulations. With punctured wounds, when slight, the same treatment as incised ones will suffice, where the object must be to get the divided parts to unite by what is called the first intention; nothing therefore must be interposed of any description whatever, simply covering the wound lightly, and occasionally applying cold or tepid water, or anv cooling lotion, as goulard water, &c. In deep punctured wounds it will be necessary to use fomentations of warm water impregnated with the virtue of herbs, to promote a discharge, and to keep the orifice from closing through the medium of appropriate applications. When an artery has been divided of any magnitude it becomes necessary to secure it by a ligature on the part with a needle and thread nearest to the heart; but if only a small one, or a minute branch, pressure over it properly applied will restrain the flow of blood : a vein can always be secured in the same manner. If granulations (fungous flesh) arise above the skin, or faster than required, any astringent solution or powder will restrain them; and an exposure of the parts to the air will generally control their growth. Poultices made of bran are frequently usefully applied to wounds to promote suppuration, and to mitigate inflammation; and an ointment made of lard and turpentine is, perhaps, one of the best for digesting wounds, when required, for use, on the horse. Simple and slight wounds of the skin, when recent, may generally be cured by the application of Friar's balsam, which can be laid on with a feather, or applied on lint or a linen rag; or by Olden's horse application.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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