Wild Boar are very tough animals, with thick hides, thicker bones and a lot of meat and fat to penetrate before reaching the vitals. Wild Boar can reach a weight in excess of 5-600 pounds with the some of the largest on record going over 800 pounds.
Although many wild boar have fallen to 224 caliber rounds, such as the 223 and 22-250, I feel that these rounds are generally too underpower to be considered a true wild boar round.
At the minimum a round in the class of the 243 Winchester should be considered for wild boar hunting and then only with premium bullets and maximum loads. Larger rounds such as the 7mm's and the 30 calibers will serve you better when it comes to boar hunting.
If you are taking longer shots at wild boar consider the 7mm-30 caliber magnums including the new super short magnums.
The larger rifle calibers should not be overlooked; the 45-70 and newer 450 Marlin are both excellent rifle rounds that offer hard hitting power and deep penetration that will allow you to take off angle shots.
The minimum handgun caliber that should be used on wild boar is the 357 Magnum and even then it should be used with premium HUNTING bullets, loaded at maximum charges.
The 41 Magnum and larger calibers are much better suited to the task of bringing down a large wild boar. Excellent handgun calibers include the: 44 Magnum, 357 Maximum, 454 Cassul, 50 Action Express, 480 Ruger, 500 Smith and Wesson and the new .460 Smith and Wesson.
Shots should be kept under 100 yards and bullet placement is critical for a fast take down.
Although some people do hunt wild boar with a .410 shotgun, it lacks sufficient payload to ensure a kill. A good 20 gauge with slugs or triple 0 buckshot and larger should be considered the minimum. Remember to pattern your shotgun, not all loads shood well through all barrels.
Wild Boar have been known to inflict serious damage to hunting dogs and even hunters who did not choose a round that could ensure a fast clean kill.
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