WADS IN RELOADING—Why la it necessary to put one card board and two felt wads over the powder when reloading shotgun shells? Will a shotgun shoot as well by putting only a few wads over the powder, as when using a larger number, and if not, why not?
I am not certain what the theory of the cartridge manufacturers is, but believe that the main reason is to offer more resistance to the expanding gas caused by the burning of the powder and confining it more closely, thus developing a greater pressure and, as a result, better range and penetration. I believe also that the heavier wadding offers more spring to the explosion and starts the shot more slowly, thus giving a better pattern. If only one wad were used, it seems probable that it would turn edgewise in passing through the barrel, and you can easily see that if it would do so, no good results could follow. It is said that when using a light charge of shot, the powder develops a greater energy if heavily wadded, while if a heavy charge of shot is used, better re-suits will follow by using lighter powder wadding. Smokeless shot gun powder requires to be tightly confined in order to do good work.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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