VERDERER. An officer of a forest, &c. whose principal duty is to look after the vert, or green hue, and to see that it be maintained: he is further described to be a judicial officer of the king's forest, chosen by the king's writ, in the full county court of the shire where the forest is, by the freeholders, and sworn before the sberifi7 to maintain and keep the assizes and laws of the forest, and also to review, receive, and enrol all the attachments and presentments of all manner of trespasses relating to vert and venison.
The office of a verderer much resembles that of a coroner: as a coroner, upon notice of a person slain, is to view the dead body, and to make inquiry, by the oath of twelve men, how and by what means the person came by his death, so it is the duty of the verderer to look after and view the wild beasts of the forest; for if any of them be found slain, wounded, or hurt, upon notice given to the verderer, he is to cause an inquisition to be made by a jury of twelve men out of four of the next towns, to ascertain how and by whom the said beast was killed, wounded, or hurt.
The office of the verderer at the court of attachments is to receive the presentments of vert and venison of the foresters and others, and then to enrol them, and certify them under their seals to the court of justice. It is also the verderer's duty to inquire of all encroachments on the forest, and the verderers sit as judges in the Forty-days and Sweinmote courts.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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