The U. S. Springfield Rifle
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The U. S. Springfield Rifle

The U. S. Springfield Rifle




      

The U. S. Springfield Rifle


The U. S. Springfield Rifle

This is the gun that is made and used by the United States government, and it is called the Springfield in virtue of the fact that it is made by the government at Springfield, Mass.

It is a bolt-action clip magazine .30-caliber, 5 shot rifle and weighs 8.6 pounds. A top view of it is shown at B in Fig. 23 and a cross-section side view is shown at A, while both pictures show the gun loaded and ready to fire. When the trigger is pulled the coiled mainspring is released and this drives the firing-pin up against the cartridge in the chamber and so explodes it. The handle of the bolt is then raised until it is in contact with the left side of the receiver and pulled directly to the rear as far as it will go. This causes the extractor to start the fired cartridge from the firing chamber and compresses the mainspring. It also forces the firing-pin to the rear. How the action is worked is shown at C, in Fig. 23.

As this backward movement of the bolt-handle is completed the ejector flips the empty shell out to the right. The magazine spring then forces a cartridge up, and when the bolt-handle is pushed forward and closed the cartridge is pushed into the firing chamber and the gun is ready to fire again. The gun can also be cocked by pulling the cocking piece directly to the rear.

The Springfield cartridge is made of an alloy of lead and tin and has a cupro-nickel jacket, that is, a jacket made of an alloy of copper and nickel.

This rifle has a muzzle velocity of 2,700 feet per second and is sighted to 2,850 yards, although its maximum range is 4,891 yards, which it covers in 38.058 seconds. When the gun is loaded by inserting a cartridge at a time 23 shots can be fired in one minute, while the magazine permits 25 shots to be fired a minute.

Collins, A. Frederick. Shooting, for Boys,. New York: Moffat, Yard and, 1917. Print.

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