Types of Flies
The old way and the most common way yet of tying flies is to build the fly on a marked shank hook with a snell of silkworm gut attached, a loop at the end so that it may be quickly and easily attached to the leader. But the "eyed flies," that is flies tied to ringed or eyed hooks, especially to hooks of the Pennell pattern are becoming more and more popular each year. They are tied directly to the end of the leader, which has no loop in this case, by a knot which is explained elsewhere in this book, or they may be tied to a snell which is looped to the end of a leader. If the leader is well softened, and no leader should be used when dry, these eyed flies are as easily attached as the snelled ones. If snelled flies are selected they should have a short extra piece of gut tied into the fly and joined to the snell some distance above the hook. This is called a helper and makes the fly, or the snell rather, last twice as long, for it is at its junction with the hook that the snell breaks. By using eyed flies the leader loop is done away with, and the leader makes less commotion on the surface of the water when the fly is cast.
Brooks, Lake. The Science of Fishing. Columbus, OH: A.R. Harding, 1912. Print.
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