A further improvement in the matchlock was the introduction of the touch-pan, as it was called; the pan was fastened to the barrel and a small hole was drilled through it to the touch-hole when both were filled with powder. When the trigger was pulled the cock holding the match or fuse fell on the powder in the pan and lit it and the fire ran through the touch-hole into the barrel as before.
The stock of the gun had also been improved and the butt end was made in the shape of a crescent in order to fit the shoulder better. The matchlock was loaded with powder, then some paper was rammed down on top of it with a ramrod, a lead bullet was loaded in the gun and more paper was rammed down on it to hold it in place. It was necessary for every gunner to carry along a ramrod, matches, bullets and a powder horn.
Collins, A. Frederick. Shooting, for Boys,. New York: Moffat, Yard and, 1917. Print.
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