TERRIER (Canis terrarius).—' This animal is supposed to have derived his name from terra, the earth, on account of the avidity with which he penetrates into every hole when in pursuit of his game, being an implacable enemy to vermin of every description: he not only torments the fox, marten, badger, polecat, rat, and weasel, but endeavours to hunt every domestic cat he sees. In addition to this instinctive inveteracy, terriers join in the chase with the same alacrity as those dogs more immediately appropriated to the sports of the field. From the moment of throwing into cover, the emulation of these animals is so great, that they are indefatigable in their exertions to be up with the pack during their efforts to find; and when once the game is on foot, and the hounds at their utmost speed, the terriers are seldom far behind, and the first short check is sure to bring them in. When the fox is supposed to have run to earth, then the terrier becomes useful, by attacking him under ground with the utmost eagerness ; and by the baying of one at the other, the ear is soon informed whether the fox lies deep or near the surface; and those employed to dig him out are enabled to act accordingly. In the selection of terriers, masters of fox-hounds are particularly nice, no establishment being considered complete without a brace of well bred earth-dogs in the field. The black, and blacktanned, or rough wire-haired pied are preferred; as those inclining to a reddish colour are sometimes in the clamour of the chase, or by young sportsmen, mistaken for a fox. The terrier is not only in high request by the superior classes on account of his extensive utility, but he is equally esteemed by the lower order for the strength and courage which be exhibits for their gratification, in drawing the badger or in dog-fighting.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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