STRANGLES. A disease affecting the kernels and other glands of the neck, general fever, swelling of glands under and within the lower jaw, cough, drought, and loss of appetite; sometimes there is very little general fever, and the glands swell, suppurate, and burst, without much notice ; generally, however, the disease is mistaken for the distemper. It is distinguished from this by the swellings, which are hot, more tender, and larger, than in the distemper. A similar case, in each treatment, is proper; but it is advantageous to bring the swellings to a head in strangles as soon as possible; for this purpose use strong, hot, stimulating poultices. In the distemper, we must use a liniment of hartshorn, vinegar, and oil: if we are in doubt, therefore, we must use only warm fomentations; this removes tightness and irritability, without occasioning suppuration. Sometimes, in strangles, there is a discharge from the nose, before the kernels come to a head : this is called the bastard strangles. When the fever is considerable, we must not bleed, unless upon a great emergency; that is, when the pulse is hard and quick, the flanks heave, the legs cold, the cough painful, and the nostrils red: if the throat be sore, stimulate it, but do not blister; apply constantly a nosebag, with a warm mash in it, frequently changed; rub the swellings with an ointment, made of equal parts of suet and turpentine; do this twice a day, and keep on a warm poultice; if necessary, shave the hair off the kernels. When the swellings burst internally, nature must effect the cure: the horse must have light food, and mild exercise. When there is a proper point to the abscess, open it with a lancet, and press out the matter gently; then keep the wound open with a piece of lint, covered with lard, and continue the poultice for a day or two. See Vives.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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