STRAIN In The Back Sinews, or Clap
STRAIN In The Back Sinews, or Clap. This accident may happen in either fore or hind legs, and may be either a simple extension of the tendons, or accompanied with some degree of laceration of the cellular substance or ligaments. It occurs generally from down-leaps, false steps, or sudden attempts at recovering the feet from a slip. There are frequently hard lumps remaining after the inflammation abates and the strain is recovered, which arise from the coagulable lymph being thrown out in the accident and ultimately becoming callous. These lumps are early felt; they are not of very great consequence, but in general a slight lameness accompanies them, which goes off when the animal trots a little and becomes warm; but, if the horse be much worked, the lameness returns from the constant action upon the parts. The treatment will be in the first instance nearly the same as in other strains ; next bleeding, purging, and cold applications to the injured limb, with a moist diet. Cold poultices should be applied every morning and night, which should enwrap the limb from above the knee joint downwards. The best poultice isólinseed cake six ounces, bran (sufficiently wetted) three pints; mixed. It will be more beneficial to look to the horse's constitution, and lessen the action of the blood vessels according to the strength and irritability of the animal, than to depend on local remedies. When the inflammatory stage has gone by it will be then right to use rubbing with liniments and oils, such as camphorated liniment, soap, spirits, &c. and to bandage the limb. If this plan do not quite remove the swelling in a fortnight, a blister must be applied; and, when healed, the horse turned out to grass. It may be a long time before a perfect cure can be established, and the only hope is in repeated blisters at the interval of a month between each. When, however, full trial be given to this, firing may be resorted to.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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