STAGGERS, MAD. The leading symptoms of this disease are, unusual drowsiness, loss of appetite, and an inflamed appearance under the eyelids. As the disorder advances the animal becomes suddenly ferocious, endeavours to bite and destroy any other horse near, or any being who attempts to approach him. After those convulsive efforts he sometimes lies down ; and, when recovered from exhaustion, rises up suddenly, and resumes his furious operations. This desperate disease originates sometimes from worms in the stomach, called botts; and, in other cases, from too much confinement in the stable, and high feeding; the horse should be immediately secured in this violent stage of the disorder; the two jugular veins should be opened, and, as in the case of inflammatory fever, the animal should be hied even to fainting, and if convulsive symptoms should again appear, the operation must be repeated. When the animal is thus rendered quiescent, he should be served with a few emollient clysters, and one or two purgative doses. As soon as his strength is sufficiently recruited, give him occasional bran mashes, and green herbage in small proportions. In some time after (if the weather be favourable) send him to grass on a light wholesome pasture. The remedies to be relied upon most, are repeated bleedings and purging.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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