SPLINTS. Hard excrescences which form on the shank bone of the horse, are termed splints; they vary in size and shape, and are sometimes so large as to press against the back sinew, causing stiffness, and in some instances decided lameness. Those of a smaller kind are seldom of much importance, unless situated on or near the joint. The treatment in all these cases requires but little variation. The horse will be very lame on the first appearance of these excrescences, and for some time previous, requiring judgment on the part of the practitioner to ascertain the cause. Gentle treatment must be had recourse to in the first instance, and the following blister will be found efficacious: Take Spanish flies, euphorbium, of each two drachms and a half; Egyptiaticum, strong vinegar, of each two ounces; spirit of turpentine, water of pure ammonia, of each ten drachms; oil of thyme one ounce: mix and put into a bottle, shaking previous to using. Lameness from a splint may sometimes be removed by placing a pledget of old linen, wet with goulard or saturnine lotion, on it, and confining it with a bandage kept constantly wet. I have seen a good effect from diluted vinegar also.— Saturnine lotion: Super-acetate of lead,oneounce; vinegar,four ounces; water, one pint: mix.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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