SPAVIN,BLOOD. This disease consists in an enlargement of the saphena vein, which passes over the bog spavin, and often accompanies that disease. The remedy employed by farriers is to make an incision in the skin, and pass some thread, by means of a crooked needle, under the vein below the dilated part. In one case, after the vein had been securely tied, and the wound in the skin stitched up, the horse was turned to grass; sometimes with a strengthening plaster or charge placed all over the joint.
Bog Spavin.—This is a swelling on the inside of the hock, rather towards the fore part; the large vein, which is so. conspicuous on the inside of the leg, passing over it. It depends either upon a distension or rupture of the membranes which form the synovial cavity, or bursa mucosa, through which the great flexor tendon passes. The swelling is soft and yielding to the pressure of the finger, but rises again as soon as the pressure is removed. —Sometimes, however, there is a swelling on the outside of the hock also, and in that case the fluid, or synovia, which the swelling contains, may be forced from one to the other. Only remedy, firing and sufficient rest, but not always necessary.
Bone Spavin, is a hard tumour or - excrescence formed on the inside of the hock; it sometimes occurs on the lower part of the hock, at others it is more deeply seated in the centre of the joint; the latter is by far the most painful. Curt. Firing, and blistering immediately after.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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