SPANIEL (Canis eitririus). From the name it may be supposed that we were indebted to Spain for this breed: there were two varieties of this kind; the first, formerly used in hawking to spring the game ; the other was used only for the net, and called Index, or the setter. The spaniel, says the author of British Field Sports, is a dog of high antiquity, and has ever been applied to his present purposes, namely, those of finding and bringing game when killed to his master, whether by laud or water, and although there is a regular variety of spaniels, the province of which is the water, spaniels in general have no aversion to it, of which their coats is an indication. There is a sort of symmetry and delicacy proper to the true-bred spaniel, particularly discoverable in the head and ear and fineness of the flew. " The most exquisitely delicate breed of the land spaniel, which I ever witnessed (remarks the veteran John Lawrence), at the same time possessing internal sensibility in an equal degree, was in the hands of a trainer of race horses. They were of a reddish yellow and white, the coat and flew soft and glossy beyond description, and the eyes beaming with the tenderest affection—of the smallest kind, but in form, most resembling the springer.
The bitch, Fanny, mother of the breed, on her foot being taken, casting a look of inexpressible softness into the face of the person, would return the friendly squeeze, with a sensibility almost human." Thecoat of the water spaniel is more harsh and curled. The spaniel is a most useful dog, but subject to many diseases ; among these the mange is a frequent and infectious one ; the formica, a disorder affecting the ears; swelling in the glands of the neck. See Dogs, Diseases Of.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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