SOUNDNESS. " The bargain for a horse," says Mr. John Lawrence, " is either attended with the warranty of ' sound, free from vice or blemish, and quiet to ride or draw,' or he is sold without warrant, to be taken with all faults; in which latter case, the buyer can have no right or pretence to return him, except he prove glandered, which exception I suppose arises from the illegality of selling any horse in that state." Mr. Taplin observes that, " Amongst sportsmen (who are justly entitled to the appellation of gentlemen, and possess a high and proper sense of honour and the principle of equity) the general acceptation of the word ' sound' has ever been, and still is, intended to convey an honourable, unequivocal assurance of the perfect state of both the frame and bodily health of the subject, without exception or amhiguity. It is meant to imply the total absence of blemishes, as well as defects(unless particularly pointed out and explained), and is really intended to confirm a bona tide declaration of the horse's being (at the time) free from every imperfection, labouring under no impediment to sight or action. This is the established intent and meaning of the word 'sound' amongst gentlemen and sportsmen ; its explication and various uses for the convenient purposes and impositions of blacklegs and jobbing itinerants are too perfectly understood (by those who have run the gauntlet of experience and deception) to require further animadversion." Take infusion of bark, a quart; of tincture of opium, half an ounce: mix.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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