The Single-shot Shotgun
The use of the finger lever on the single-shot shotgun has never been popular, and for this reason this type of gun is made a little different from the single-shot rifle just described.
Although the trigger mechanism is about the same as that of the single-shot rifle, the ejecting system for throwing out the used shell is quite different. To follow the action of the ejector, as the whole ejecting system is called, let's suppose that a cartridge which has just been fired is still in the chamber of the barrel, the latter in the shotgun being hinged near the breech.
In this gun a catch is released by hand, when the barrel breaks at the breech and tilts up and as it does so it forces the hammer to half-cock and the extractor, which in most guns slides along the bottom of the barrel, catches the rim of the cartridge and flips it clear out of the barrel.
A new cartridge is then slipped into the chamber, the barrel is closed up and the hammer can be drawn back to full-cock.
Collins, A. Frederick. Shooting, for Boys,. New York: Moffat, Yard and, 1917. Print.
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