SHOT PATTERN OF 16 GAUGE vs. 12 GAUGE
SHOT PATTERN OF 16 GAUGE vs. 12 GAUGEŚWill a 16-gauge gun put as many shot in a .30-inch circle at 40 yards as a 12-gauge of the same make, both full choked and using the same load (one ounce) of the same size shot? If not, why not?
A question like this should have been asked the makers of the guns, as they could give you a better answer. I do not believe they would do exactly the same work, as one ounce of shot would be a rather light load for the 12 gauge, and I do not think it would be a fair test unless the load for each gun were in perfect proportion to the bore. The Marlin people test their 12-gauge guns at forty yards, using a load of ounces of No. 8 shot, and the full choked guns must place over 325 shot in the 30 inch circle, before they can pass.
There are 514 pellets in 1 1/4 ounces of No. 8 shot, and 325 would be a little more than 63 percent. The 16-gauge guns are targeted at 35 yards with a load of one ounce of No. 7 1/2 shot, and full choke guns must place over 240 shot in the circle. There are about 345 pellets in one ounce of No. 7 1/2 chilled shot; rid 240 would be over 69 percent of the load. Considering the difference in the distances at which they are tested, it would appear that the shooting is almost the same, but if any difference exists it would seem to be in the favor of the 16 gauge.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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