SHOTGUNS FOR DEER AND BEAR
SHOTGUNS FOR DEER AND BEAR—I Intend to take a hunting trip in the Big Woods next fall and am in a quandary regarding the kind of firearm to select. I prefer the rifle to the shotgun.
I like the looks of the .401 Winchester Self-Loader but am afraid it is a short-lived gun. What other rifles would you recommend? What are the velocities in feet per second of the .30-30, .32-40, .44-40, .303 Savage and .401 Winchester? What is the flat range of each? Are shotguns used very much for hunting deer and bears?
I don’t think you can do any better than to buy a .30-30, of whatever make and model you like best. I doubt very much whether there is anything better for deer and black bears than the .30-30, though there are others equally good. The Marlin, Winchester, Stevens and Savage companies all make lever action rifles in this caliber, and the Remington and Standard people make automatic rifles using this cartridge. If you like the Winchester Self-Loaders the .351 is better for your purpose than the .401.
There is no such thing as flat range. The bullet commences its fall as soon as it is free of the muzzle of the rifle, but this fall is corrected up to a given distance by the sight elevation. At shorter range than the arm is sighted for it will shoot a little high—at longer range it shoots low. Just what each rifle is sighted for, at the lowest elevation of the sight, I cannot say.
Shotguns are used considerably for hunting deer in some state, but should never be used for such game. Buckshot are not deadly enough, or effective at the usual hunting ranges, and bullets from a shotgun are not accurate enough, except for chance shots at short range.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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