SHAD (Clupea). The Severn affords this fish in higher perfection than any other riverinGreat Britain. It makes its first appearance there in May; but in very warm seasons in April; for its arrival sooner or later depends much on the temper of the air. It continues in the river about two months, and is succeeded by the variety called the twaite, varying from half a pound to nearly two pounds in weight. The old fish come from the sea into the river in full roe. In July and August multitudes of bleak frequent the river near Gloucester; some of them are as big as a small herring; and these the fishermen suppose to be the fry of the shad. Numbers of these are taken near Gloucester, in those months only, but none of the emaciated shad are ever caught in their return. The Thames shad does not frequent that river till the end of May or beginning of June, and is esteemed a very coarse and insipid fish. It has a forked tail, and black spots on the sides: the shad weighs four or five pounds; some have been taken, though very rarely, as heavy as seven pounds.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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