SETTING-DOG (Canis Index). " Should be trained up from a whelp, till he come to perfection. You must pitch upon one that has a perfect and good scent, naturally addicted to the hunting of fowl, and this dog may be either a land-spaniel, water-spaniel, or a mongrel, between both, or indeed the shallow-flewed hound, tumbler, lurcher, or small bastard mastiff, but none is better than the land-spaniel; he should be of a good nimble size, rather small than thick, and of a courageous mettle, which though not to be discerned while very young, yet you may very well know it from a right breed, which have been known to be strong, lusty, and nimble rangers, of active feet, wanton tails, and busy nostrils.
" Having made choice of a dog, begin to instruct him at four months old, or six at the farthest; and the first thing you should do, is to make him loving and familiar with you; the better to effect this, let him receive his food, as much as can be from no other hand but your own, and correct him rather with words than blows. When he is so far trained that he will follow none but yourself, and can distinguish your frown from your smile, and smooth words from rough, teach him to couch and lie down close to the ground, first by laying him often on the ground, and crying " Lie close," and then rewarding or chastising him, according as he deserves; in the next place teach him to come creeping to you, and if he offer to raise his body or head you must not only thrust the rising part down, but threaten him with an angry voice, which if he seems to slight, give him a small jerk or two with a whip-cord lasb, and often renew his lessons, till he become very perfect in them.
" Then teach him to lead in a string or line, and to follow you close at your heels, without trouble or straining his collar; after he has learned these things, take him into the field, and give him his liberty to range, but still in obedience to your command, and if he commits a fault, give him due correction."óDiet. Rusticum, 1717.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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