SENECA AND SNAKEROOTóWill you please give a description of Seneca and snakeroot?
Canada Snakeroot: Grows in rich, moist woodland, or among other weeds by the roadside, from Canada southward to North Carolina and west to Kansas; from six to twelve inches high: two leaf stems branching from the root, each bearing a kidney shaped or heart shaped leaf from four to seven inches wide, dark green on top, pale green beneath, plainly veined; bears only a single little flower of a brown or brownish purple color, from a short stem standing between the leaf stems, often hidden from view and sometimes partly covered by the dead leaves; flower bell-shaped, woolly, the inside darker than the outside; replaced later by a six-celled seed capsule; rootstock creeping and slightly jointed, with small rootlets branching from it.
Virginia Snakeroot (Serpentaria): Found in rich woods from Connecticut and Michigan southward, mainly along the Alleghenies Another variety grows in Louisiana and Texas, along river banks. The plant grows partly erect; a slender zig-zag stem about a foot high, sometimes as much as three feet with a branch or two near the base; leaves oblong lance shaped, alternating on either side of the stem, about two and a half inches long by one and a fourth inches wide; flowers growing near the base of the plant on the ends of small stems, brownish purple in color, the calyx tube bent to the shape of the letter S; rootstock short with many rootlets. The Texas serpentaria has a more zig-zag stem; oval, heart-shaped, clasping leaves, rather thick, very veiny; entire plant hairy.
Seneca Snakeroot: Grows in rocky woods and along hillsides from New Brunswick to the Canadian Rockies and southward along the Alleghenies to North Carolina. and in the west to Missouri. The plant consist of from ten to twenty stems from six inches to a foot in height, un-branched; leaves oblong lance shaped, about one to two inches long, without stems, alternating on the stem of the plant; flowers on the ends of the stems in the form of a splice and are small and greenish white, lower ones opening and fruiting first; root branching, about a fourth inch thick, and having very few rootlets.
The prices paid at present are about twenty-eight cents per pound for Canada and Virginia snakeroot, and about forty cents for senega.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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