The Pump-Action Rifle
A pump-action gun is better than a lever-action gun, since with the former you never have to take your finger off of the trigger and you can often make shots with it that you would lose with a gun of the latter kind.
A pump-action rifle is shown at A and B, in Fig. 20. The action of the rifle is shown closed at A and open at B. Looking at these cuts you will see that when the slide handle, or forearm, is pulled back toward the breech it forces a cartridge into the carrier; with the same movement the breech bolt carrying the empty cartridge with it is forced back, and this pushes the hammer back to full-cock.
As the handle is brought back into place the breech-bolt pushes the cartridge into the chamber of the barrel and the carrier is forced down into position ready for another cartridge.
Another kind of pump-action rifle is hammerless, and ejects the cartridge out of the side instead of out through the top. This rifle also has the advantage of having a solid breech-block instead of a movable one, and this considerably lessens the danger of the back-firing of the cartridge.
The side ejection of cartridges offers another good feature in that the empty cartridges are thrown out away from your face.
Collins, A. Frederick. Shooting, for Boys,. New York: Moffat, Yard and, 1917. Print.
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