PERCH, common (Perca jiuviatilis). A bold-biting fish, and affords excellent amusement to the angler. He is distinguished by the beauty of his colours, and by a large erection on his back, which he can raise or depress at pleasure. Thus defended, he bids defiance to the attacks of the enormous and most ravenous pike. They are from eight to fourteen inches long; the usual weight is from a quarter of a pound to a pound and a half; they spawn about the beginning of March. In fishing for perch with a minnow or brandling, the hook should be run through the back fin of the bait, which must hang about six inches from the ground. A cork float is used, which is leaded about nine inches from the hook. They refuse a fly. Live shrimps (or if dead, and very fresh) are a killing bait for perch, particularly in wet docks. The season for angling for perch commences in February, and continues till the cold weather comes on. The perch is, of all fresh water fish, the most delicate for the table.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835
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