Salmon, Pacific: There are five well-known species which are collectively called Pacific Salmon. One is the HumpBacked Salmon (garbuscha) which reaches a weight of from 3 to 6 pounds and is found as far south as Oregon or even in the Sacramento River. Another is the Dog Salmon (Keta), which attains a weight of about 12 pounds and extends southward to the Sacramento River. This species is of little value. The Quinnat or King Salmon is the third. This reaches a weight of over 100 pounds, but the average in the Columbia River is about 22 pounds. It enters abundantly into the Sacramento River and still more numerously into the more northern streams. It is easily the most important species of its genus. Another species is the Silver or Kisutch Salmon. This weighs up to eight pounds and is abundant southward to the Sacramento River, but is of little economic value. The fifth species is the Blue-Back Salmon (nerka), which attains a weight of from four to eight pounds and enters the Columbia River and its tributaries in abundance. It ranks next in value to the Quinnat. See "California Fishing." All of these salmon are taken in nets. The Quinnat is caught by the angler with medium tackle and Salmon-roe bait, and, it is claimed, with the artificial fly. The Quinnat Salmon resembles the Atlantic Salmon, the king of game-fishes, except for the dark spots the Quinnat has on its back and sides.
Randall, Wainwright. The Angler's Guide: a Manual for Campers and Anglers. New York: Field and Stream Pub., 1909. Print.
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