In the multi-ball cartridge two or more bullets or pieces of lead are substituted for the ordinary bullet, with the idea of doing more execution at short ranges. The following advantages are claimed for the encased multiball cartridge as manufactured by Merwin, Hulbert & Co.: 1. No leading of barrel by any number of discharges. 2. At each discharge the casing acts as the cleaner and lubricates the barrel. 3. The lubricated case taking the rifling gives an easy transit of balls and accuracy of flight. 4. The lubricant is preserved under the different ordinary degrees of temperature. 5. By the centrifugal force given to the casing and balls by the rifling, the casing is thrown off after leaving the barrel, the balls diverge or separate nearly equal to the front of three men at about one hundred yards distance. 6. The multi (or three-ball) cartridge in its effective (or destructive) results at each discharge at short range is nearly equal to three separate discharges by a breech-loader throwing one ball. 7. The cartridge is firmly constructed and will withstand rough usage of actual service and preserve its uniformity of shape. 8. Continuous (and rapid) firing without requiring the barrel to be cleaned. 9. Preservation of powder. The casing as an insulator prevents galvanic action between the metallic shell and balls, which chemical action in time would deteriorate the powder. 10. The casings are made, the balls placed and secured firmly therein, separate from the metallic shells and can be transported in bulk or otherwise without injury and attached to the loaded metallic powder case when desirable (or at reloading of shells).
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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