MOLTEN GREASE. This distressing complaint was formerly described by veterinarians as a melting down of the fat, occasioned by excessive heat, and a discharge of that fat by the anus, accompanied by purging; even now, farriers believe it to be the same thing, nay, some modern writers have thought it such. No man acquainted with the physiology of the horse can for a moment entertain so absurd an idea. The fact is, the disease is a constriction of parts of the iutestines, accompanied with chronic inflammation of the inner coat, discharging a fetid matter and sloughing away in films, and in severe cases blood is discharged. The disease differs widely from the diarhea, both in nature and treatment, and therefore requires skill in the practitioner to distinguish, as the treatment which applies to diarrhaea, if adopted in dyseutry must kill the animal. Chalk, opium, and other astringents are necessary and salutary in the treatment of the former, but poison in the latter: the symptoms very clearly mark the difference in both diseases; in diarrhaea there is nothing but an excessive purging; but in dysentry there is a discharge of matter apparently mixed with fat, and often blood, generally accompanied with costiveness ólittle or no dung is discharged, l ever sometimes accompanies these symptoms, and sometimes the disease degenerates into inflammation of the bowels. The first thing to be done is to bleed the horse, then, the same day, administer the following : ócastor oil four ounces, gruel two pints, ipecacuanha one drachm; mixed.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835
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