In the barbarous days of old— of course we're highly civilized now—warfare was waged very differently from what it is today.
The gun of yesterday 'was made as deadly as possible—that is, it gave the bullet great stoppage power, which means that once it hit a man, however slight the wound it made, he was almost sure to die from the effects of it.
To get this deadly effect dumdum, split and hollow-nosed bullets that mushroomed when they hit and inflicted terrible flesh wounds were used. But in the last few years governments, like the human race in general, have acquired a little more sense, and so are a trifle more humane; and although war is waged by every nation if only given half an excuse to fight, they have agreed to use bullets which if they do not kill when they strike are less apt to kill afterward.
The three chief differences between a military rifle and a sporting rifle are (1) that the military rifle is of the bolt-action type; (2) the military rifle has a forearm that extends to nearly the length of the gun, and (3) the military rifle uses jacketed bullets.
Nearly all modern military rifles use a cupro-steel, jacketed bullet which makes a clean-cut wound and if this hits a man anywhere except in a vital organ the wound will heal quickly, or at least this is the theory of the theorists.
Collins, A. Frederick. Shooting, for Boys,. New York: Moffat, Yard and, 1917. Print.
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