MILITARY AND SPORTING Cartridges
MILITARY AND SPORTING Cartridges
Rifles adapted to shooting Moose, Elk, Grizzly Bear, Mountain Sheep, Goats, and all American game. Calibers—.236 Lee-Navy, .256 Mannlicher, .25-50-117 Newton High-Power, 7, and 8 mm. Mauser-Spitzer, .280 Ross, 30-'06 Springfield, .275-303 Axite.
As previously stated, cartridges embraced in this class were either originally designed for long range military use, or they have been modeled after this type of ammunition. With the exception of the .275-300 Axite, all the above are alike in every essential ballistic quality. Those of most recent design are the highest in velocity, which aptly illustrates the tendencies of the times. Velocities range from 2,500 feet for the Mannlicher to 3,500 feet for the Newton High-power.
With the one exception noted, considered as game cartridges, they are an absolute departure from accepted conclusions. Previous to their invention it was not doubted that soft-point bullets were more effective on game than full metal patched, or that blunt points had a smashing effect that the sharp lacked. Now we are confronted with the theory, not unsupported by proof, that the sharp-point, full mantle is the most deadly form of projectile when driven at a velocity approaching 3,000 feet. Accepting the theory as true, we can only account for it by acknowledging as a fact the statement that given speed enough a bullet will upset anyhow, no matter what its shape or metal covering.
Further the speedy ball must have an explosive effect on animal tissue not unlike its manner of bursting a can of tomatoes. So pronounced is this explosive quality in the highly driven bullet that I am told the tiny .22 Newton-Savage is more deadly on deer than the .30-30. Whatever the reason that may be assigned, such rifle experts as Lieut. Whelen, Roosevelt, White, Crossman, and others pronounce the '06 Springfield the most deadly form of 150 grain missile that ever struck animal flesh.
Whether time and further experience will modify the views of these experts or not, and I believe they will be modified, the whole tendency of cartridge designers of the immediate future will be in the direction of still further increasing bullet velocity, thereby promoting that peculiarly deadly effect mentioned.
It seems probable that while raising the velocity with improved and stronger powders, the bullets will be lengthened from the present short and light missiles, thus furthering accuracy and speed of flight at long range. Taking the '06 Springfield as the type, and all the others are modeled after it, the ball loses velocity too rapidly after traveling five hundred yards to be acceptable as the military bullet of the future. The 2,700 feet initial velocity of the Springfield has fallen to 1,068 feet at one thousand yards, a loss of 1,632 feet over the range. In view of the fact that long range military shooting will finally be lengthened to two thousand yards, this falling off in velocity is altogether too rapid.
We are not treating military arms or military shooting, but the desirability of maintaining velocity in game work is this: Unless there is a miracle in the little sharp pointed ball, its effectiveness is entirely due to its velocity. When its speed drops to 1,200 feet it will have no more effect on the animal struck than any other ball of like size and shape traveling at the given rate. If it takes 2,500 feet of velocity to "explode" animal tissue, we must maintain this speed up to the point where the bullet lands in the game. This the Springfield 150 grain will not do if it is to be used at ranges from two to three hundred yards greater than our ordinary game rifles, as our experts declare that it can be.
Askins, Charles. Rifles and Rifle Shooting. New York: Outing, 1912. Print.
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