This excellent arm, patented by the Messrs. Merwin, Hulbert & Company, and now manufactured by the Hopkins & Allen Arms Company, has become a great favorite, and makes the following claims for superiority: Compactness, symmetrical, easy outline, and general neat appearance; no salient points to prevent its ready and easy insertion into or withdrawal from the holster. In handling, not liable to injure the hand; all the projecting parts being rounded and smooth; cleaning being thereby facilitated. The circular form of cylinder front gives a continuous cover to breech of barrel; prevents sand or dirt entering therein. Accidental unlocking of the parts prevented, as hammer must first be set at half-cock.
The front sight forged solid with the barrel: not liable to be separated therefrom or injured. The extractor ring prevents the interior of the lock and ratchet from fouling by escape of gas about the primer when using outside primed ammunition. The hood and collar at front of cylinder covering base-pin and base-pin hole prevents fouling. The flanged recoil plate here covers and protects the heads of the cartridges; prevents sand or dirt entering between face of recoil plate and cylinder, which might clog it and prevent rotation. The cylinder and barrel can be dismounted from the frame and re-assembled thereto without the use of screw-driver or any tool. The construction is not intricate nor fragile, and the extractor is a solid part of the base-pin. Strength, durability and endurance. Simultaneous, positive, and easy extraction of shells; great power obtained for starting the shells before final extraction by the incline screw action on the base-pin. Less lateral escape gas is deflected downward into the works, as no top strap is used. The face of the collar on the cylinder takes against the bracket, prevents forward movement of cylinder when pressed by the ball in rotating; gives a central bearing; prevents abrasion of cylinder face against rear of barrel; gives easy rotation; permits a close joint without friction, reducing the escape of gas; the cylinder is not forced backward on firing, but is held forward by the hood-clutch taking into the recess of the cylinder collars. The lines of recoil and resistance are close together, lessening upward inclination of barrel when fired.
The following are the directions for manipulating the arm:
To load.—Place the hammer at half-cock, press the gate downward and insert the cartridges.
To eject the shells.—Push back the thumb-bolt under the frame, turn the barrel outward, and draw forward, when the shells will fall out.
To take the arm apart.—When the barrel and cylinder are drawn forward, press the small pin in the barrel-catch even with the frame, then press the catch down and draw forward.
The patent folding hammer on double action revolvers has much advantage. There is no hammer to catch when inserting into, or withdrawing from, the pocket. If used as a single action, when the arm is fired, the hammer returns automatically to its place, closed. Accidents that have occurred by the arm striking upon the hammer when accidentally dropped are entirely avoided by the folding hammer system.
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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