Menhaden (Pogy Herring, Pogie, Pogy, Hard-Head, Pookagan, Poghaden, Hard-Head Shad, Bony-Fish, White-Fish, Mossbunker, Bunker, Marshbanker, Alewife, Bay Alewife, Pilcher, Green-Tail, Bug-Fish, Bughead, Bug-Shad, FatBack, Yellow-Tail, Yellow-Tail Shad, Shiner, Herring, Savega, American Sardine, American Club-Fish, Shadine, Ocean Trout, etc.): Caught in schools on the surface in bays and inlets and in the open ocean during the summer in the coastal waters of all the Atlantic States from Main to Florida, in winter pnly south of Cape Hatteras. Has mouth bristles instead of teeth. Feeds upon vegetable matter, minute crustaceans, and the sediment of bay bottoms, containing organic matter. Is the most abundant species of fish on the eastern coast of the United States, and is the principal food of the larger salt-water fishes—Striped Bass, Bluefish, Squeteague, Pollock, Cod, Garfish, Swordfish, Whiting, Horse Mackerel, Shark, Whale, Dolphin, BayonetFish, Bonito, etc. The Menhaden is phosphorescent at night.
Randall, Wainwright. The Angler's Guide: a Manual for Campers and Anglers. New York: Field and Stream Pub., 1909. Print.
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