LOCKED JAW. A spasmodic affection, which prevents the action of the jaws. This melancholy disease may originate from various causes; viz. bungling operations in gelding, nicking, or docking, worms (called bots) in the entrails of the horse, over-working, wounds in the feet, tkc. The principal antidotes at present used in the removal of this disorder by veterinarians are camphor and opium, which are injected into the stomach by clysters, if the medicine cannot be passed down by the mouth; the animal may also be supplied with nutritious clysters, until the jaws expand sufficiently to enable him to swallow his food. Wilkinson, who seems to have effected many successful cures in locked jaw, proposes the following treatment:—In the first place he recommends an emollient clyster and a purgative; unless the pulsation be very quick, he does not approve of blood-letting. The jaws and every other part spasmodically affected should be thoroughly well rubbed with liquid ammonia, mustard, olive-oil, and oil of turpentine, mixed up together. Then all the parts so affected should be covered with fresh sheep-skins, the fleshy sides of the skin to be kept inside: they must be changed as frequently as is requisite, in order to keep the parts in continual perspiration. When the purgative has operated, a drench, composed of asafoetida, camphor, and opium, about one drachm each is given; and, at the same time, he serves the horse with a clyster of similar medicines, with the addition of a decoction of rue. Should the horse not improve, but appear costive, Mr. W. recommends the purgative and emollient clyster to be repeated, and the opiate to be discontinued, until the purgative has fully operated.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835
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