KILLING POWER OF .20-25 ETC.—What caliber, model and make of rifle would you recommend for shooting groundhogs and hawks up to 400 yards? How would the Stevens No. 44 Ideal, .25-20 Single Shot be? Would such a rifle be all right to shoot squirrels with, and would it tear them up too bad? How do the .25 Rim Fire, and the .22 W. R. F. compare with it? I prefer a single shot rifle.
Either the Winchester Single Shot or the Stevens Ideal will be perfectly satisfactory rifles, but neither of the calibers you mention are good for 400 yards, and 200 yards is about the limit for reliable shooting in the best of these. The .25-to Single Shot is a nice, accurate cartridge and has plenty of power and accuracy for woodchucks and hawks up to 200 yards. For game as small as squirrels you should use a pointed bullet, and a light charge of powder. I do not know of any caliber that will do good work on woodchucks at ranges over 200 yards and yet be good for squirrels without using reduced loads.
The .25 Rim Fire is an accurate cartridge, with more power than the .22 W. R. F., and will hold its accuracy better at the 2OO yard range. A comparison of the three calibers and the ballistics follow: The .22 Winchester Rim Fire is loaded with seven grains of powder and a forty-five grain bullet. The muzzle velocity of this bullet is: U. M. C., 1036 feet per second; Win., 1107.3 feet; muzzle energy: U. M. C., 107 foot pounds; Win., ltt.6 foot pounds; penetration in 74 inch pine boards, Win., and U. M. C., seven hoards; trajectory at fifty yards when shooting 200 yards: Win., 4.39 inches, accurate range (U. M. C. figures), fifty to 100 yards.
The 25 Stevens Rim Fire is loaded by the Remington Arms— U. M. C. Co., with ten grains of powder and a sixty-one grain bullet, and the W. R. A. Co., with eleven grains of powder and a sixty-five grain bullet. The U. M. C. ballistics follow: Muzzle velocity, 1468 feet per second muzzle energy, 211 foot pounds: height of trajectory at 100 yards, when shooting 200 yards, 20-43 inches; penetration, seven 7/8 inch pine boards; accurate range, 100 to 200 yards.
The .25-20 Single Shot is loaded with nineteen or twenty grains of black powder and an eighty-six grain bullet. The muzzle velocity it 1408 foot per second; the muzzle energy, 41t foot pounds; 100 yard trajectory, when shooting 200 yards, 12.44 inches; accurate range, 100 to 200 yards; penetration, nine hoards.
As you will see, the latter is best for 200 yard shooting at such game as you mentioned, and being center fire can be in-loaded with light charges of powder and light pointed bullets for squirrels and such size game.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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