Keeping Flies Submerged
Under normal conditions, with clear and fairly smooth water and on calm days, the flies should be only slightly submerged—in fact, should be fished quite on the surface, sinking only to the extent caused by their weight. This may be attained by always keeping the point of the rod well up and taking care to strip in the line with the proper rapidity. If the line becomes too slack or the rod point drops too low the flies will become drowned at once. They should as far as possible be allowed to follow the natural trend of the current, just as a derelict insect would float, following through the eddies and whirls without noticeable restraint from the line. You may be sure that trout know where to lie in the stream in order to intercept insects floating down with the current; and that if your flies follow the natural course of the current in a natural manner, they will pass over the majority of the best "lies" in a way calculated to produce results.
A very foxy cast is to drop your flies on a patch of floating foam. Do not immediately drag the flies through the foam but allow them to lie upon and float with it, exactly as the natural insect caught in this manner would do, finally sinking through. Foam patches collect numbers of insects and the trout know this.
The method of casting above described, at right angles to the current, is the one to tie to; it is the best way to fish the flies under almost all conditions. But, of course, there are times and places when and where this method is impracticable. Often it is impossible to reach a proper stand from which to cast cross-current; and, too, the method naturally requires a current to carry the flies. This last precludes the use of the cross-current cast over pools and still-waters.
Camp, Samuel Granger. The Fine Art of Fishing. New York: Outing Pub., 1911. Print.
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