Ideal Powder Measure
The improved loading machine patented by the Ideal Manufacturing Company is shown in the drawing. In this machine variation is entirely done away with by simply moving the measure, after it is accurately and uniformly filled, to the cutoff stop, thus cutting off all communication between the measure and the powder in the reservoir, before the wadding takes place; so that all the jarring and shaking of the machine for whatever purpose, does not change the charge of powder one atom. In this machine there are double graduations on the powder measures—on graduation being for drams and fractions thereof, from one-half dram to five drams, in graduations of quarter drams, this being the old method for measuring powder for shotguns. The other graduation is for grains, measuring from ten to one hundred and forty grains in graduation of five grains, this for measuring powder for rifles and pistols. These two graduations in connection with a table newly compiled comparing black with the various nitro and smokeless powders, will enable the user to measure accurately any of the various powders now on the market, for either rifles, pistols, or shotguns.
Attention is called to the turned nozzle at the apex of the hopper where it connects with the rammer slide. This feature will be appreciated by all who desire to charge rifle and pistol shells as well as to load shotgun ammunition. It is a new and distinct feature not found in any other machine. The head or hopper and reservoirs that hold the powder and shot may be disconnected from the lower part of the machine as shown in the illustration. The head is made to turn on a swivel and may be fastened with a thumbscrew at the rear side at any convenient angle that is handy for filling the small metallic shells. "R" is an extra funnel or powder conductor that fits on the turned nozzle. The funnel has an inverted cone-shaped mouth for receiving the shell as shown at "S." Another valuable feature is that the powder and shot are deposited into the shell in a direct straight line through the center of the wad plunger, instead of passing through a side opening in the shell receiver, as is done in some other machines. The powder and shot are thus deposited evenly, not packed high on one side of the shell and low on the other, leaving an uneven surface for the wads to rest upon, neither are the wads forced past a slot in the shell receiver, which tends to tip them and squeeze them out of round. The proper wadding of shells is as essential to accurate shooting as is the accurate measuring of the powder.
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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