Homesteaders in Ontario-Can one take up homesteads in Ontario, and must one be a Canadian citizen in order to get government land? What would it cost two trappers, not in the least dainty, but used to hardship, to spend a winter there? Are farming conditions favorable in the western part? Are bears protected? When does cold weather set in, and when does it get warm again?
Yes, there are homesteads to be had in western Ontario, and it is not necessary to be a citizen of Canada. In the Thunder Bay district the land is free (160 acres to each) but in the Rainy River district it is 50 cents per acre. It is too cold a climate for general farming, and the summers too short, but certain crops do well—for instance, grains (corn excepted), potatoes, turnips, peas and hay. My expenses for food while there amounted to about $10 per month; other expenses the same as elsewhere. Non-residents must take out a license costing $20 for trapping furbearing animals, which I think would include tears. The real cold weather comes on about the last of November, and it remains cold until in March, when the snow commences to melt. It will be the last of April or the middle of May before it is all gone. The leaves come out on the trees the last of May and beginning of June.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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