GUNPOWDER. A composition of saltpetre, sulphur, and charcoal, mixed together. The invention of gunpowder is usually ascribed to Bartholdus Schwartz, a German monk, who discovered it about the year 1320; it is said to have been first used in war by the Venetians against the Genoese in 1380. This destructive powder is composed of seventy-five parts nitre, ten sulphur, and fifteen charcoal in the hundred. The best is small-grained, hard to crumble between the finger and thumb, and of a bluish colour.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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