GESTURE. The action and due position of all the parts of the body; of the head, the shoulders; the body or trunk; of the arms, hands, fingers ; of the lower limbs, and of the feet. The fundamental principles degrees from the primitive circle. —These circles are distinguished by dotted lines and placed near the primitive.—All these circles are intersected by three others: by one great circle (h f h) passing through the projecting point, and here called the horizontal circle, and by two lesser circles (e f e and d f d) parallel to it above and below at the distance of forty five degrees.
The human figure, as in fig. 1, is supposed to be so placed within this artificial sphere, that the centre of the breast shall coincide with the centre of the sphere, and that the diameter of the horizontal circle, perpendicular to a radius drawn to the projecting point, shall pass through the shoulders; then, any position, motion, and attitude of the arms of the actor may be referred to, determined, and regulated systematically, by these circles and their intersections.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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