General Fresh Water Tackle
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General Fresh Water Tackle

General Fresh Water Tackle


General Fresh Water Tackle

General Fresh Water Tackle

The greater part of fresh-water fishing tackle is made for the purposes already discussed; namely fly-fishing for trout and casting for bass. Tackle selection for either of these angling methods must necessarily be careful, and if the outfit is to be exactly suited to the required purpose there is little room for choice between this rod or that one or, say, between two styles of reels the tackle is either suitable or proves very plainly unsuitable. But, barring bass fly-tackle and tackle for salmon fishing, the latter, of course, with the fly, it is not so very easy to draw a hard and fast line between what is right or the contrary for the several other sorts of fishing. In various forms of still-fishing and trolling all sorts and condition of rods, reels and other tackle are used effectively; consequently, the suggestions here offered are not to be taken as positive advice against the use of other and somewhat different tackle than that mentioned herein.

As regards bait-fishing for trout and the proper rod to use for the sport, I think that the very best advice that can be given is, no matter what sort of a rod you use, not to use your fly-rod. If trout are ground-feeding and will not rise to the surface. The steady strain, in swift water, which a rod has to undergo in this sort of work is best put upon some other rod than a fine one of split-bamboo.

Also, it seems to me that the following is good advice: Do not use a regular bait-rod, that is, a rod with the reel-seat above the hand. A rod of this sort is all right for fishing from a boat, but for stream fishing for trout it is undesirable. A rather short, sturdy fly-rod, with the reel-seat below the hand, where you are or eventually will be if you become a worthy fly-caster most accustomed to it, is far better. A split-bamboo rod, if it is any good at all, is too good to use for bait fishing. A well-made solid wood rod is perfectly good for the purpose; and it should be the opposite of whippy. Personally I think that one of the shorter length and lighter weight steel fly-rods cannot be beaten for all-round trout bait-fishing.

If you use a rod with the reel-seat below the hand grasp the single-action reel is the best to use in conjunction therewith. If the reel-seat is above the hand, and the reel is placed on top of the rod, neither of which things is desirable, although it is, of course, more or less a matter of personal opinion, a double-multiplying reel may be used.

No need to use a very expensive line for bait-fishing, and it should be of smaller caliber than for fly-casting. Twenty-five yards of size G "oiled silk" line will fill the bill. However, an enameled line, although not necessary, is less liable to whip around the rod and for this reason will give better satisfaction.

For average worm-fishing a supply of Sproat hooks from No. 5, no larger, to No. 8, on gut snells, should be laid in.

While, perhaps, it is more than a mere matter of taste, many experienced trout fishermen do not employ leaders when worm-fishing. For surface bait-fishing, with low and clear water a good time for dry flies and midges it seems that leaders are preferable. Three-foot leaders are long enough.

Choice of lead lies between ringed sinkers and split shot. The former are easier to put on and take off. The best style of bait-box is crescent-shaped and worn on a belt. In all other particulars the tackle is the same as for trout fly-fishing.

Unfortunately, reliable bass fly-fishing is rather difficult to find. This, it should be said, is through no fault of the black bass, but, rather, because most bass waters are more adapted to bait-casting and other forms of bait fishing with artificial and natural baits than to fly-fishing. For this reason, except in certain favored localities where stream fly-fishing for bass is done in much the same way as one wades a trout stream, the majority of anglers use their trout tackle, with large size trout flies, for such occasional bass fly-fishing as they may find. However, the angler who intends to make a specialty of bass fly-fishing should outfit in a slightly different way.

Camp, Samuel Granger. Fishing Kits and Equipment,. New York: Outing Pub., 1910. Print.

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