GALLING. Good horses are very liable to gall upon their backs, and the utmost care ought to be taken to prevent or cure it. In long journeys, when horses are subject to gall, it is always proper to take off the saddle immediately, and examine whether the back be at all pinched or pressed. It will be well to re-examine it after an hour or two; for often the part injured will not show it at first, but afterwards will swell very violently. In this case, where the skin is not fretted, but a swelling comes on, a coarse cloth bag filled with cow-dung should be applied to the part affected: this will not only prevent it from getting worse, but will frequently take it quite down ; or the swelling may be well rubbed with brandy and vinegar, laying on some rags soaked in it. If the skin be broken a plaster of mild salve must be applied.
Preventive. Take a hind's skin well furnished with hair, and fit it smoothly under the pannel of the saddle, placing the hairy side next to the horse. When the back is galled, take out a little of the stuffing of the pannel, immediately over the swelling, and sew a piece of soft white leather inside the pannel: anoint the sore part with salt butter, and every evening wipe it clean, rubbing it till it grows soft. Also, wash the swelling, every evening, with cold water and soap, and strew it with salt, which should be left on till the horse be saddled in the morning, when the hurt should be again greased.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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