Make a bow about 2 feet long of stout oak or hickory; string with a loose leather thong. Make a drill of balsam, cottonwood, cedar or basswood, and of the same wood make a firestick split plat with an axe. Notch this fire stick with a knife and start a small drill cup at the point of the notch. Make of same hardwood a pressure block for the upper end of the fire drill, and you have all the utensils for making fire.
You must get ready also tinder. The best is birch bark of cedar bark; string into fine shreds between two stones. Pas the leather thong around the drill once, enough for the now to run taut on it. Put the drill point in the small cup shaped depression at the end of the notch. Free the bow back and forth steady, with even strokes its full length. You will find wood filings which are brown, but after two or three seconds you have a pile of black shredded wood dust, and presently smoke will come from the black pile of wood dust which forms on the top of a chip placed under the notch. A coal will form in this as you blow on it gently; add a pile of tinder in a wad of shredded bark and capsize the coal into this. Breathe gently to a flame.
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