When lake-fishing, parallel the shore in your boat or canoe, casting shoreward to the edge of the weeds, in the shade of overhanging rocks, about lily-pads and submerged trees and places of like nature. Find out where the bars are in the lake you are fishing and cast in to the edge of these. If the bar is a large one, forming an expansive shallow place, perhaps, as often occurs, well out in the middle of the lake, fish the whole of it. If you are fishing waters new to you, get some local angler or guide to locate the various bars. Once located you should take their bearings very carefully so that you can find them again. Looking for a lost bar in a big lake is an almost hopeless undertaking.
Thus early in the season the water will be fairly clear of weeds and the angler can cast close in-shore without fouling the tackle. In quiet bays where there are lily-pads and flags, and the bottom has a tendency to be muddy, you will find the large-mouths. Off sandy bars and where gravel bottom predominates, or where the bottom is rocky, you may expect to find the small-mouth bass. The two often co-exist in the same pond or lake, and when caught you can easily differentiate them by observing the relative position of the angle of the jaw and the eye. In the large-mouth the angle of the jaw is perceptibly to the rear of the eye; in the small-mouth it is exactly underneath.
Camp, Samuel Granger. The Fine Art of Fishing. New York: Outing Pub., 1911. Print.
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