Fishing for Walleye
The wall-eyed pike or pike perch is also known by many other names, and I fancy many of my readers would not recognize the fish were it not for the illustration and the description. It belongs to the perch family and by comparing the picture of this fish with that of the yellow perch it will be noticed that the wall-eye is simply a long, slender perch, in appearance, with less of a hump on the back and the "finger marks" not so pronounced as on the yellow perch.
The pike perch sometimes grows to a weight of ten pounds or more, but its usual weight is two or three pounds. It is a slender fish, having two dorsal fins, the forward one having olive, brown and yellow markings, and the tail has similar markings, with two sharp spines. The body color of the fish is olive or brown with yellow markings, the under parts salmon pink or yellowish. The eye is large and has a peculiar opaque appearance.
It is found throughout the Great Lakes region and Canada, down into the east-central states, in parts of Pennsylvania, Virginia and the Carolinas, and perhaps elsewhere. It is a good game and food fish. It inhabits only deep water, and in lakes will sometimes be found at a depth of twenty or thirty feet. It prefers cool water with a gravelly or rock bottom. In streams it will be found at the foot of rapids and below log jams and such places.
The tackle for this fish is the same as for bait fishing for black bass. The best bait is a minnow, but crawfish are also used. It is said that they take an artificial fly very well, on cloudy days and in the evening, as they are mostly nocturnal in feeding habits. The fishing is in fact so much like that employed in the capture of black bass that the same instructions will do for both fish, except that for the wall-eye you should fish deeper, and in deeper water. The fly may be al-lowed to sink several feet after each cast.
Brooks, Lake. The Science of Fishing. Columbus, OH: A.R. Harding, 1912. Print.
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