This modern sporting-rifle of great killing power takes a large charge of powder and a light bullet, which gives a very high initial velocity and a trajectory practically a right line up to 150 yards, hence the term Express. To increase the killing power of the bullet, it is made of pure lead and has a hollow point. Upon striking the object, the bullet spreads outwardly, inflicting a fearful death-wound. This arm is well-adapted to meet the wants of those who hunt large game at short range. It ii a modification of the Winchester, model 1876, and differs from it only in caliber (.50), and in the cartridge to which it is adapted. This last contains 95 grains of powder and a bullet weighing 300 grains. The cartridges may be loaded with hollow-pointed, solid or split-pointed bullets, as may be desired. All these bullets weigh 300 grains each, and their shooting qualities are about equal. The primer is the No. 2 l/2 Winchester. The powder used in loading the cartridges at the factory is United States Government Musket, but any of the approved brands of powder suitable for large cartridges can be used. As has been noticed, the bullet having a high initial velocity, a very flat trajectory is obtained, and no change in sighting is required up to 150 yards, thus enabling the hunter to avoid missing the game through error in calculating distances. The recoil is not greater than that of a 12-gauge shot gun using ordinary charges; the model, as made up for the English market with a 22-inch barrel and with full length magazine, weighs but 8^2 pounds. If desirable, a small explosive cartridge can be dropped into the cavity in the point, making it an explosive bullet. A caliber as large as .57 is much used in England, but the .50 caliber is considered sufficient in the United States.
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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