ELLIOT MAGAZINE GUN
This arm is provided with a reciprocating and rotating bolt for closing and locking the cartridge-chamber by means of a handle in the usual way. It is also provided with a tubular magazine, located in the butt-stock, the tubular chambers being arranged one over the other and each provided with independent cartridge propelling devices. The upper end of the revolving-pawl is bent inward, and works in a longitudinal groove cut in the side of the bolt; and when the bolt is rotated in locking and unlocking the arm it gives a vertical movement to the revolving pawl, which, being actuated by a suitable spring, causes the disk or ratchet to revolve one notch. On the face of the disk and over each alternate ratchet-tooth there is a cam. These cams and the free ends of a double feed-pawl are so arranged in relation to each other that the cams pass under and raise the ends of the feed-pawl alternately.
Each time one of the ends of the feed-pawl is raised, the line of cartridges under it is permitted to move forward until the ball of the first cartridge lodges in the recess between the carrier and the bolt. In this position of parts the head of the first cartridge remains a little way in the mouth of the magazine, and the second one has not yet engaged the point of the feed-pawl. When the bolt is drawn back after firing, the magazine-spring forces the whole column of cartridges forward until the feed-pawl engages the head of the second one and the first one is landed upon the carrier. When the backward movement of the bolt is completed the first cartridge is raised into the receiving-chamber by the carrier-spring. By this arrangement of parts the shock of arresting the forward movement of the column of cartridges is taken upon the carrier and bolt. In addition to the ordinary spiral-spring there is an auxiliary spring in the bottom of each tubular space, the object of which is to cushion the blow of the column of cartridges upon the bottom of the magazine in case of heavy recoil or jolting when the magazine is full or nearly so, and thus prevent accidental explosions. The tubular spaces are provided with projections or shoulders on each side. These projections are so arranged that the cartridge-heads strike them alternately on each side, which causes the heads to vibrate laterally and prevents the cartridges from moving, from any cause, with dangerous rapidity, whereby accidental explosion is avoided.
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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