CLYSTERING. This useful and innocent mode of exhibiting medicine is too much neglected, and when employed, is frequently done in a slovenly and ineffectual manner ; that is, By means of large syringes. The best apparatus is a pewter pipe, about fourteen inches long, and an inch in bore; they may be purchased at any of the veterinary instrument makers in London. To this pipe a large pig's or bullock's bladder should be firmly tied. An opening clyster is made by mixing a handful or two of salt with four or five quarts of warm water; to this a little hog's lard or sweet oil should be added. Linseed tea, or thin gruel, with a little treacle or sugar, makes a good emollient clyster. And an anodyne or opiate clyster is made by dissolving from one to three or four drams of crude opium in three or four pints of warm water. This last kind of clyster is employed in locked jaw, especially when it is found impossible to give medicine by the mouth. In this case nourishment must be given also in clysters. Nourishing clysters are made of broth, milk, rich gruel, and sugar. It was observed by Gibson, that when nourishing clysters are given in locked jaw, they are sucked upwards by the bowels and absorbed into the blood. He sustained a horse a considerable time in this way.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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