CLEMMONS MAGAZINE GUN
This gun is an adaptation of a magazine to the Springfield rifle. The alterations are as follows: The left side of the receiver is cut away nearly to the bottom of the well. The portion removed is replaced by a piece the interior of which is somewhat the shape of the half-cartridge. This piece is open at the rear in order to receive cartridges from the magazine.
A groove is cut in the left side of the butt-stock for the magazine-tube and is covered by a brass plate. The magazine-spring and cartridge-follower are of the usual form. To the rear of the follower one end of a piece of tape is attached; the other end is wound up, drawing back the follower and compressing the magazine-spring. On the inner surface of the piece attached to the receiver is a spring, pivoted at its front. This spring has a thumb-piece, which may be locked back by a spring catch. The split spring serves as a magazine cartridge stop. The magazine-spring having been compressed by winding up the clockwork, the magazine is filled with cartridges by backing them down from the receiver. A pawl is then released from a ratchet, by means of a slide, and the magazine-spring bears on the column of cartridges. When the breech-block is closed it strikes the thumb-piece, presses it back and lets in a cartridge from the magazine. By pressing on this thumb-piece, the breechblock having been opened sufficiently to overcome the spring-catch, the cartridge is thrown into the receiver; it must be then pushed into the chamber in the usual way.
As a magazine gun, six motions are necessary to operate it, viz., cocked, opened, loaded (two motions), closed, fired. As a single-loader, the usual five motions are necessary to operate it, The gun carries five cartridges in the magazine, one opposite the receiver and one in the chamber.
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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