The first regulation arm used by the United States army was the Charleville musket. This was the French national arm, model 1763. Marquis de la Fayette brought a large number of them to this country during the Revolutionary War, and they were duplicated to some extent by our best gun makers. They carried an ounce ball. It was not until 1814, that the first rifle was manufactured by the United States Government at Harper's Ferry. This was a flintlock rifle, with half octagon barrel; it had a short fore-stock, hooked butt-plate and a patch-box in the stock. The arm had brass mountings, and was more of a sporting pattern than military. This rifle shot a half ounce ball.
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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