Cartridge — Ammunition was generally furnished to the soldiers in the form of cartridges. A cartridge consisted of a charge of powder and a ball — sometimes a ball and buckshot — wrapped with paper into the form of a cylinder, the ends of the cylinder being fastened by twisting or by paste. For a musket of three quarters of an inch bore the British standard of four and a half drams of powder with a four hundred and ninety grain ball was usually followed. The ball was somewhat smaller than the bore of the musket in order that it might go easily into a barrel fouled by firing.
Sawyer, Charles. Firearms in American History. Boston: The Author,
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