CALKINS, a sort of horse-shoes for frosty weather, and are apt to make horses tread altogether upon the toes of their hind feet, and trip ; they also occasion bleymes, and ruin the back sinews; nevertheless, they are necessary in a time of frost; and it is more expedient that a horse should run such a risk, than the rider should be in continual .danger of breaking his limbs.
Whenever .there is occasion to use them, order the farrier to pare the horn a little low at the heel, and turn down the sponge upon the corner of the anvil, so as to make the calkin in the form ot a hare's ear, which will do little damage ; whereas the great square calkins quite spoil the foot.
Calkins, are either single or double, that is, at one end of the shoe, or at both : these last arc deemed less hurtful, as the horse can tread more even.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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