Cartridges for Deer and Bear
Cartridges for Deer and Bear-Please tell me which of these cartridges is best for shooting deer and bears-.30-30, .32 Special, .32-40 and .38-55. Which is the best bullet-soft point, metal patched, or Hoxie expanding bullet?
All of the cartridges named will be found satisfactory for that game, presuming that the last two are of the high power variety. As a rule, the larger caliber and higher power cartridge is preferred, but the shape of bullet and character of rifling are points to be considered also, as is the shape of the shell. If you contemplate reloading, the two last named sizes are best, as they have straight shells, and the rifling of the arms using them does not have such a sharp twist, making it better for varying powder charges and lengths of bullet. If it comes to a long shot, where the velocity is so low that the bullet will not expand, the flat point and the larger caliber of the three latter make them better killers than the .30-30, though there is no difference worth mentioning in the killing power. Because of the heavier bullet, the .38-55 has a higher trajectory. All things considered, for hunting deer and black bears in Pennsylvania, or anywhere else where the shooting is not done at very long ranges, the .38-55 high power is about as god as one could wish for. Where the shooting is to be done at very long ranges occasionally, something having a higher velocity and lighter bullet is advisable, as it will give a flatter trajectory. I refer to such calibers as the .30 U.S. Army, 303 British, .30 Springfield, and others of similar or higher power.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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